Physical places influence our lives by putting limits to the physically practicable, whereas spaces exercise their influence through mental processes like shaping our beliefs, values and sentiments. A space may be a mental superstructure based on an actual place, but, since its power is mental, it is not necessary that this place physically exists.
One such space, with power to affect the lives of human beings, is heaven. Belief in heaven has had and still has great impact on many Syrian Christians are the earliest Christian community of India, and they attribute their origin to the evangelical efforts of the apostle Saint Thomas who is believed to have travelled through the Malabar country in 52 CE evangelizing and building churches.
It was when he moved east that he is supposed to have met his death and martyrdom at Mylapore near Madras. Unlike the purely negative approach taken in recent years by many Christian groups to the question of integrating yoga practice and philosophy with Christian spirituality and teaching, the first three authors here affirm the value of yoga practice Davis Bucknell University.
Works under MDS 275.4
I became interested in the topic of religious renunciation in Hindu India while taking Dr. The pictures she showed our class of sadhus Hindu renouncers and her descriptions of their incredible feats of devotion, such as holding an arm up until the muscles atrophy, intrigued me. Prior to reading it, I assumed that the reason people chose to take sannyasa renunciation in Hindu India was that they were deeply religious and wanted Though scholarship on diverse methods of yoga in the Indian traditions abounds, there has not been sufficient research that examines the traditions of yoga in the puranas.
An evaluation of the key elements of yoga as developed in this text as a whole, clarifies our understanding of the emergence of yoga and its relationship to epic formulations on the one hand and to the Classical Bauman, James Ponniah Butler University.
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Bakan Florida State University. This article explores processional action as a form of cosmological intervention in Hindu-Balinese cremation processions, focusing on the multiple and intersecting functions of a particular type of Balinese instrumental music ensemble: the gamelan beleganjur. University of Colorado, Boulder. College of the Holy Cross. The text concerns itself with a category of Protestant church worker often mentioned but still under-examined. These are Biblewomen, women in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries who disseminated and taught Scripture throughout the world.
Dr. James Taneti
Animated by evangelical Protestant faith, they sold Bibles, interpreted them, told and sang Bible stories to the illiterate and children, taught hygiene, advocated temperance, and modeled notions of Christian womanhood and femininity. They were boundary crossers. And here we must get particular, for the text concerns itself not so much with Biblewomen writ large, but with a particular region of British India, the Northern Circars, or what is now modern-day coastal Andhra Pradesh.
In the process, they created something new that went beyond sharing the Christian message: their work increased literacy and education, and, perhaps most importantly, suggested a novel vision of the possibilities for women Indian and European given the profound changes wrought by British colonialism. By the early s, the heyday of the Western Christian missionary activity and Western colonialism, women constituted the vast majority of missionaries throughout the globe.
India was no exception. Nor was this, as suggested by then contemporary celebratory accounts of Western missionaries, primarily a story of intrepid white male Gospel explorers.
The missionaries were far outnumbered by Indians and female ones at that, even as males held the dominant, usually ordained, ecclesial and other intuitional positions. Although Biblewomen occupied the lower wrung of the mission hierarchy, they were irreplaceable.
Like more recent studies, Taneti takes it as a given that Indian Biblewomen demonstrated agency; they were not passive recipients of a foreign religion, empty vessels to be filled up by a foreign ideology. What Taneti adds to postcolonial studies, joining Anupama Rao and Uma Chakravarti, is his accounting for gender and caste in his understanding of the significance of Telugu Biblewomen.
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Like these scholars, he takes gender and caste diversity into account, thus successfully avoiding reproduction of Brahmanical norms in studies of lower castes even as it is obvious that Telugu Biblewomen, like their European missionary colleagues, typically contended with and often circumvented Brahmanical norms, a point to which I shall return in a moment.
Along with conversation partners in postcolonial studies, the scholar situates himself among other notable examinations of Biblewomen in other Indian contexts, particularly Eliza Kent and Jane Haggis, as well as scholars focusing on the office in other parts of the world. Taneti doesn't offer a new paradigm for studying Biblewomen as much as bring another region to our knowledge while adding greater precision to our understanding of Biblewomen in general and in the Northern Circars in particular.
He offers a necessary corrective to the narrative of missionary activity as either belonging to primarily Western male and female missionaries on the one hand the view through much of the 20th century , or the understandable over-reaction of the late 20th century that indigenous male missionaries were the primary drivers of the missionary movement.
These issues are helpfully framed in the Introduction. Chapter 5 takes a comparative, global turn, with an examination of the Telugu Biblewomen in relation to their sisters around the world in order to demonstrate unique Telugu Biblewomen characteristics. Some of these women led and served their communities as schoolteachers, nurses, and Bible women. Taking advantage of the cultural unrest and educational opportunities, the subjugated groups pursued their struggles against the status quo and made inroads not seen before.
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