Secondary School Science. Foreign Countries. Scientific Principles. Scientific Concepts. Teaching Methods. Science Education. Secondary School Students. Student Attitudes. Science History. High School Students. Science Teachers. Science and Society. Knowledge Level. Science Curriculum.
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Secondary School Teachers. Concept Formation. Hansson, Lena. Guerra, Andreia. Kampourakis, Kostas. Redfors, Andreas. Braga, Marco. Chabot, Hugues. Ferlin, Fabrice. Galili, Igal. Gauld, Colin.
Hagberg, Mariana. Halkia, Krystallia. Lautesse, Philippe. Levrini, Olivia. Reis, Jose Claudio. Velentzas, Athanasios. Zogza, Vasso. Aksela, Maija. Albe, Virginie. Alpaslan, Mustafa. Alters, Brian. Andersen, Casper. This article examines the empirical findings on the relationships between six selected positive psychology-associated constructs optimism, hope, resilience, benefit-finding, meaning-making, and post-traumatic growth and adaptation to disability. Six positive psychology constructs were selected to represent the trends found in recent literature published on CID.
The available evidence supports the unique benefits of these six positive psychology constructs in predicting successful adaptation to a range of disabling conditions. Based on the available findings, the authors offer four suggestions for occupational rehabilitation researchers.
How do primary care physicians seek answers to clinical questions? A literature review. The authors investigated the extent to which changes occurred between and in the ways that primary care physicians seek answers to clinical problems. What search strategies are used?
Linda M. Phillips
How much time is spent on them? How do primary care physicians evaluate various search activities and information sources? Can a clinical librarian be useful to a primary care physician? Twenty-one original research papers and three literature reviews were examined. No systematic reviews were identified. Primary care physicians seek answers to only a limited number of questions about which they first consult colleagues and paper sources.
baxthelecup.tk This practice has basically not changed over the years despite the enormous increase in and better accessibility to electronic information sources. One of the major obstacles is the time it takes to search for information.
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Other difficulties primary care physicians experience are related to formulating an appropriate search question, finding an optimal search strategy, and interpreting the evidence found. Some studies have been done on the supporting role of a clinical librarian in general practice. However, the effects on professional behavior of the primary care physician and on patient outcome have not been studied. A small group of primary care physicians prefer this support to developing their own search skills.
Primary care physicians have several options for finding quick answers: building a question-and-answer database, consulting filtered information sources, or using an intermediary such as a clinical librarian.
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Objectives: The authors investigated the extent to which changes occurred between and in the ways that primary care physicians seek answers to clinical problems. Methods: Twenty-one original research papers and three literature reviews were examined. Results: Primary care physicians seek answers to only a limited number of questions about which they first consult colleagues and paper sources.
Discussion: Primary care physicians have several options for finding quick answers: building a question-and-answer database, consulting filtered information sources, or using an intermediary such as a clinical librarian. Distinct effects of brief and prolonged adaptation on orientation tuning in primary visual cortex. Recent stimulus history—adaptation—alters neuronal responses and perception.
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Previous electrophysiological and perceptual studies suggest that prolonged adaptation strengthens and makes more persistent the effects seen after briefer exposures. However, no systematic comparison has been made between the effects of adaptation lasting hundreds of milliseconds, which might arise during a single fixation, and the more prolonged adaptation typically used in imaging and perceptual studies. Here we determine how 0.
We measured responses to small 1. Adaptation with small gratings reduced responsivity and caused tuning to shift away from the adapter. These effects strengthened with more prolonged adaptation.
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For responses to large gratings, brief and prolonged adaptation produced indistinguishable effects on responsivity but caused opposite shifts in tuning preference. Recovery from adaptation was notably slower after prolonged adaptation , even when this did not induce stronger effects. We show that our results can be explained by an adaptation -induced weakening of surround suppression, the dynamics of this suppression, and differential effects of brief and prolonged adaptation across response epochs.
Our findings show that effects do not simply scale with adaptation duration, and suggest that distinct strategies exist for adjusting to moment-to-moment fluctuations in input and to more persistent visual stimuli. Langerhans cell histiocytosis LCH of the vulva is rare and even moreso in postmenopausal women. Twenty-six cases of primary vulvar LCH have been described in the current literature , and only 8 cases are in postmenopausal women.
We report an additional case of primary vulvar LCH in a yr-old woman with subsequent multiorgan involvement. In this article, we briefly describe the clinical presentation, histopathological findings, and immunohistochemistry results of vulvar LCH. We want to emphasize the importance of recognizing this entity in a woman with vulvar lesions both for the clinician and the pathologist.
Determinants of primary care specialty choice: a non-statistical meta-analysis of the literature. This paper analyzes and synthesizes the literature on primary care specialty choice from through To improve the validity and usefulness of the conclusions drawn from the literature , the authors developed a model of medical student specialty choice to guide the synthesis, and used only high-quality research a final total of 73 articles.